Articles and essays

Essays and Op-Ed:

“Slavic Cool?” Huffington Post (5 September 2016).

“Would Nietzsche Shake Trump’s Hand?” Huffington Post (6 July 2016).

“Fascism Depends on Walls,” Huffington Post (24 June 2016).

“More Flints to Come,” Huffington Post (8 February 2016).

“Do Americans Worship Guns?” Huffington Post (6 December 2015).

“How to Speak Weimar,” The Montréal Review (May 2014).

“What Should Haunt Us About World War I?” Guernica (4 February 2014).

Giving Barbarism its Due,” The Montréal Review  (January 2014).

“The Future of Area Studies?” Communiqué 5, 2 (November-December 1995): 15-16.

“The Gulf War and German Angst,” Chicago Tribune (February 18, 1991).

“Germans Face a Difficult Task: Unity Isn’t Easy for any Nation,” Commercial Appeal (October 7, 1991).

“Nations Are Unnatural: Or Why It Takes Courage to Use Words Like `Germany’,” Los Angeles Daily News (September 30, 1990).

“Germany’s Past is Present Again,” Los Angeles Times (July 25, 1988).

Scholarly Articles:

“Introduction,” in The Weimar Moment: Liberalism, Political Theology and Law, eds. Rudy Koshar and Leonard Kaplan (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2012), xi-xxi.

“Demythologizing the Secular: Karl Barth and the Politics of the Weimar Republic,” in The Weimar Moment: Liberalism, Political Theology and Law, eds. Rudy Koshar and Leonard Kaplan (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2012), 313-334.

“Where is Karl Barth in Modern European History?” Modern Intellectual History 5, 2 (August 2008): 333-362.

“The History of Christianity Beyond the Residual,” review essay, of Sheridan Gilley and Brian Stanley, eds, World Christianities, c. 1815-c. 1914; Hugh McLeod, ed, World Christianities, c. 1914-c. 2000, Volumes 8 and 9 of The Cambridge History of Christianity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), H-German, H-Net Reviews, July, 2007. 3,500 words. URL:

“Driving Cultures and the Meaning of Roads: Some Comparative Examples,” in The World Beyond the Windshield, eds. Christof Mauch and Thomas Zeller (German Historical Institute, Washington D.C./Ohio University Press, 2007), 14-35.

“Cars and Nations: Anglo-German Perspectives on Automobility Between the World Wars,” in Automobilities, edited by Mike Featherstone, Nigel Thrift, and John Urry (London: Sage Publications, 2005), 121-44. [Reprint of “Cars and Nations,” see below.]

“Organic Machines: Cars, Drivers, and Nature from Imperial to Nazi Germany,” in Germany’s Nature: Cultural Landscapes and Environmental History, edited by Thomas Lekan and Thomas Zeller (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2005), 111-39.

“On the Road in Germany Between the World Wars,” in Unraveling Civilization: European Travel and Travel Writing, edited by Rolf-Hagen Schulz-Forberg (Frankfurt and New York: Peter Lang Publishers, 2005), 287-303.

“Cars and Nations: Anglo-German Perspectives on Automobility Between the World Wars,” Theory, Culture, and Society Special Issue: “Automobility,” vol. 21, 4/5 (August 2004): 121-44

“George Mosse and ‘Destination Culture’,” in What History Tells: George L. Mosse and the Culture of Western Europe, edited by Stanley Payne, David Sorkin, and John Tortorice (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004), 279-313.

“Where Does German Memory Lie?” Central European History 36, 3 (2003): 435-45.

“George Mosse e gli interrogativi della storia tedesca [George Mosse’s German Questions],” Passato e Presente [Italy] no. 58 (January-April, 2003): 99-110.

“On Cults and Cultists: Historic Preservation in Twentieth Century Germany,” in Giving Preservation a History, edited by Max Page and Randall Mason (London and New York: Routledge, 2003), 57-98.

“Seeing. Traveling, Consuming: An Introduction,” in Histories of Leisure, edited by Rudy Koshar (Oxford and New York: Berg Publishers, 2002), 1-24.

“Germans at the Wheel: Cars and Leisure Travel in Interwar Germany,” in Histories of Leisure, edited by Rudy Koshar (Oxford and New York: Berg Publishers, 2002), 215-30

(with Alon Confino) “Regimes of Consumer Culture: New Narratives in Twentieth-Century German History,” German History 19, 2 (May 2001): 135-61.

“On the History of the Automobile in Everyday Life,” Contemporary European History 10, 1 (2001): 143-54.

“`Germany has been a melting pot’: American and German Intercultures, 1945-1955,” in The German-American Encounter: Conflict and Cooperation Between Two Cultures, 1800-2000, edited by Frank Trommler and Elliott Shore (Washington DC and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2001): 158-78.

“Deutschland als ‘Schmelztiegel’: Amerikanische und deutsche Interkulturen,” in Deutsch-amerikanische Begegnungen. Konflikt und Kooperation im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, edited by Frank Trommler (Stuttgart and Munich: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 2001), 206-228. (Translation of “‘Germany has been a melting pot’: American and German Intercultures, 1945-1955.”): 205-27.

“Die deutsche Erinnerungslandschaft, 1870-1990,” in Architektur und Erinnerung, edited by Wolfram Martini (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2000), 191-203.

“‘What Ought to be Seen’: Tourists’ Guidebooks and National Identities in Modern Germany and Europe,” Journal of Contemporary History 33, 3(July 1998): 323-340.

“The Shape of the Nation: Old Buildings and Social Narratives in the German Kaiserreich,” Regional and National Identities in Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries, eds. H-G. Haupt, M. Müller, S. Woolf. European Forum Series, Vol. 1 (The Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1998): 343-78.

“Memoria ingovernabile? Il culto del passato nella Germania degli anni Settanta,” in La memoria del nazismo nell’Europa di oggi, ed. Leonardo Paggi (Florence: La Nuova Italia Editrice Scandicci, 1997): 305-328.

“Memorie molteplici, nazioni molteplici: l’uso dei monumenti nella Germania imperiale,” Passato e presente XIV, 39 (September/December, 1996): 47-68.

“The Antinomies of Heimat: Homeland, History, Nazism,” in Heimat, Fatherland, Nation: The German Sense of Belonging, eds. Jost Hermand and James Steakley (New York and Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang Verlag, 1996): 113-37.

“Reworkings, Adaptations, Advances, Returns: German Political Culture after World War II,” Heidelberg 1945, eds. Hartmut Lehmann, Jürgen Heß, Detlef Junker, Volker Sellin, Eike Wolgast (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1996): 270-75.

“The Kaiserreich’s Ruins: Hope, Memory, and Political Culture in Imperial Germany,” Society, Culture, and Politics in Germany, 1870 1930: New Approaches, ed. Geoff Eley (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1996): 487-512.

“Erinnerung als Luxus? Denkmalpflege im Kaiserreich, 1890 1914,” in Orte der Erinnerung: Denkmal, Gedenkstätte, Museum, eds. Ulrich Borsdorf and Heinrich Theodor Grütter (Frankfurt/Main: Campus Verlag, 1996).

“Commenti: Hermann Bausinger, L`Europa delle Regioni: Prospettive Culturali,” Ossimori. Periodico di antropologia e scienze umane [Siena, Italy] 5 (December, 1994): 95-96.

“Hitler A Film from Germany: Cinema, History, and Structures of Feeling,” Revisioning History: Film and the Construction of the Past, ed. Robert Rosenstone (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994): 155-173. Korean translation, 2002.

“Building Pasts: Historic Preservation and Identity in Twentieth Century Germany,” Commemorations: The Politics of Modern Identity, ed. John Gillis (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994): 215-238.

“Fascism,” Encyclopedia of Social History, ed. Peter N. Stearns (New York: Garland Publishers, 1994): 269-70.

“Against the `Frightful Leveler’: Historic Preservation and German Cities, 1890 1914,” Journal of Urban History 19, 3 (May, 1993): 7 29.

“AHR Forum: Foucault and Social History: Comments on `Combined Underdevelopment’,” American Historical Review 98, 2 (April, 1993): 354-363.

“The Shock of `It Was’: Memory and German Unification,” in German Unification: Problems and Prospects, ed. Gaines Post, Jr. (Claremont, CA: Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies Monograph Series No. 3, 1992): 5 25.

“Altar, Stage, and City: Historic Preservation and Urban Meaning in Nazi Germany,” History & Memory 3, 1 (Spring, 1991): 30 59

“Playing the Cerebral Savage: Writing German History Before the Linguistic Turn,” in “German Histories: Challenges in Theory, Practice, and Technique,” Special Issue, Central European History 22, 3/4 (September/December, 1989): 343 359.

“On the Politics of the Splintered Classes. An Introductory Essay,” in Koshar, ed. Splintered Classes (see above): 1 30

“Cult of Associations? The German Lower Middle Classes Between the Wars,” in Koshar, ed. Splintered Classes (see above): 31 54

“From Stammtisch to Party: Nazi Joiners and the Contradictions of Grass Roots Fascism in Weimar Germany,” Journal of Modern History 59, 1 (March, 1987): 1 24

“Contentious Citadel: Bourgeois Crisis and Nazism in Marburg, 1880 1933,” in Thomas Childers, ed. Formation of the Nazi Constituency (London: Croom Helm, 1986): 11 36

“Political Gangsters and Nazism: Comments on Richard Hamilton’s Theory of Fascism,” Comparative Studies in Society and Histo¬ry, 28, 4 (October, 1986): 785 793

“Vereinsleben und Nazismus: Eine Analyse der Mobilisierung in Marburg a.d.L.” Hessen unterm Hakenkreuz. Studien zur Durch¬setzung der NSDAP in Hessen, ed. Eike Hennig (Kassel: Insel, 1983): 117 127

“Away from the Center: Two Recent Local Studies of Nazism from the Federal Republic,” Social History 8, 1 (January, 1983): 77 85

“Two `Nazisms’: The Social Context of Nazi Mobilization in Mar¬burg and Tübingen,” Social History 7,1 (January, 1982): 27 42